Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular, and it's important to understand the different types available. Here's a quick rundown of the most common options:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) rely entirely on rechargeable batteries, and don't have gasoline engines. They're zero-emission vehicles that produce no tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) use both gas-powered engines and electric motors. They can recharge their batteries through regenerative braking, which captures energy that's typically lost during braking, and uses it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have larger batteries than HEVs, and can be charged from the grid. They can operate on electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gasoline engine takes over. When the battery is depleted, they work like regular hybrids, using gasoline power to keep going.